How to Safely Dispose of Medicine

How to Safely Dispose of Medicine

When was the last time you cleaned out your household supply of over-the-counter (OTC) medicines? Just like the dosing instructions and additional information on the label, the expiration date on the packaging is there for a reason. Once a medicine has reached its expiration date, it may not provide the treatment that you need.

To ensure the medicines you take are both safe and effective, keep an eye on the expiration dates and safely dispose of any expired or unwanted medicines. According to research, most people fully realize proper disposal of medicines is important. However, one in five report they don’t know safe disposal guidelines.

Fortunately, there are several convenient options to dispose of all OTCs, including in your home. Here’s how to do it safely!

Option 1: In-Home Disposal

Follow these simple steps from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to dispose of OTCs in your household trash:

  1. Mix medicines (do not crush tablets or capsules) with an unpalatable substance such as kitty litter or used coffee grounds.
  2. Place the mixture in a container such as a sealed plastic bag.
  3. Throw the container in your household trash.

There are also a small number of medicines that you can safely dispose of by flushing them down your sink or toilet. The FDA's Flush List provides a listing of these medicines, which may be especially harmful and, in some cases, fatal with just one dose if they are not used appropriately. Do not flush any medicine unless it is on the flush list and always follow disposal instructions that have been provided to you by a healthcare professional.

Option 2: Local Disposal Programs

Many pharmacies and law enforcement agencies have disposal kiosks where consumers can dispose of unwanted, unused, or expired medicine – both OTC and prescription drugs – from their households.

For example:

To find a safe medication disposal site near you, learn more by visiting the kiosk site locator on

Option 3: Community Drug Take-Back Days

Take advantage of events that allow you to take expired or no longer wanted medicines to a specified location for safe disposal. For example, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) periodically hosts National Prescription Drug Take-Back events where collection sites are set up in communities nationwide for safe disposal. Visit the DEA’s website for more information about National Drug Take-Back Day events. Law enforcement agencies may also sponsor medicine take-back programs in your community.

Questions about prescription medicines? For specific information on disposal of prescription drugs, including which ones should be flushed, go to the FDA’s website.

This page was developed in collaboration with BeMedWise, a program of the national nonprofit NeedyMeds that promotes the safe use of medicines through trusted communication for better health. BeMedWise was launched in 2017 by the National Council on Patient Information and Education (NCPIE), which was established in 1982 as one of the original patient safety coalitions.

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